What is Type 1 Diabetes?

What is Type 1 Diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic disease. Cells in the pancreas that make insulin are destroyed and the body is unable to produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps body cells use glucose for energy and allows the glucose to pass into the bloodstream into the body cells.  The following is information regarding the chronic disease:

Causes

The exact cause of this disease is unknown. However, it is thought to occur in the autoimmune system where the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks beta cells in the pancreas. The Beta cells in the pancreas are the cells that make insulin and that is why it is known as a chronic disease.

Symptoms 

The following are symptoms of Diabetes:
  • Excessive hunger
  • Excessive thirst 
  • Blurred vision 
  • Fatigue 
  • Frequent urination 
  • Dramatic weight loss in a short period of time 
It is highly advised that if one suffers from any of these symptoms to visit a doctor.

Type 1 Diabetes vs Type 2 Diabetes 

There are two different main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Although they both have very similar symptoms, both can lead to a variety of complications over time.  Type 1 diabetes is the result of the body not producing insulin on its own. It is vital for the body to take insulin, to move the glucose from the bloodstream into the body’s cells. Type 1 diabetes develops really quickly and symptoms are noticed easily.  Type 2 diabetes is the result of the cells unable to respond well to the insulin. The body struggles with moving the glucose from the blood into the cells, despite the levels of hormones. This type of diabetes can take years for it to develop or become noticeable. 

Treatment

Treatment includes: 
  • Taking Insulin 
  • Frequent blood sugar monitoring 
  • Eating healthy foods 
  • Exercising regularly
  • Maintaining weight
When it comes to blood sugar levels, it is important to maintain it as close to normal as possible.

Is there a cure?

There is currently no cure for diabetes. Treatment for diabetes has been mainly focused on managing the disease. However, there have been clinical trials underway for treatments to reverse the disease and restore the body’s ability to produce insulin naturally. According to http://diabetesresearch.org, researchers are currently working toward a biological cure for the disease. This research focuses on a process called islet transplant, which takes healthy cells from the pancreases and inject them in a person who suffers from the disease. However, there is not a solid cure for every person who suffers from Type 1 Diabetes as different gene’s could be a role for the cause of diabetes.

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